Ghana has been ranked as the third most peaceful African country and the 43rd most peaceful country in the world by the Institute for Economics and Peace (IEP).
This was contained in the 14th edition of the Global Peace Index (GPI), which ranks 163 independent states and territories according to their level of peacefulness.
Ghana moved up one place from the 2019 GPI and is now behind only Mauritius (1st) and Botswana (2nd) in sub-Saharan Africa. Meanwhile, South Sudan remains the least peaceful country in sub-Saharan Africa.
Ghana’s rise on the rankings was despite Sub-Saharan Africa recording a slight fall in peacefulness on the 2020 GPI, with an overall score deterioration of 0.5 per cent.
Twenty countries in the region improved in peacefulness while 24 deteriorated.
The region’s three largest improvers in peacefulness in the last year were South Africa, Cote d’Ivoire and Equatorial Guinea, all of which recorded improvements of more than six per cent.
According to the index, civil unrest in sub-Saharan Africa rose by more than 800 per cent over the period, from 32 riots and protests in 2011 to 292 in 2018.
About the Global Peace Index (GPI)
Produced by the Institute for Economics and Peace (IEP), the GPI is a measure of global peacefulness. The report presents a data-driven analysis of trends in peace, its economic value, and how to develop peaceful societies.
The GPI covers 99.7 per cent of the world’s population, using 23 qualitative and quantitative indicators from highly respected sources, and measures the state of peace across three domains: the level of Societal Safety and Security; the extent of Ongoing Domestic and International Conflict; and the degree of Militarisation.
source: graphic online
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