The common assumption about natural hair is that it is either “hard” or “soft”. There is more to it than that. Determining your natural hair type allows you to know which type of products will work well with your hair. Every body’s hair type is not the same, and what might work for your friend might not work for you.
So basically, there are four hair types: Type 1 (bone straight), Type 2 (wavy), Type 3 (curly), and Type 4 (coily). Most Africans fall into the Type 4 category. There are sub-classifications; a, b and c. This is simply used based on the diameter (or width) of your hair strand. It is possible to belong to more than one hair type and to have more than one hair type on your head. For location purposes, let’s stick with Type 4 hair.
Type 4 hair is also known as “Kinky”.
• Type 4A hair is full of tight coils. It has an “S” pattern when stretched, much like Type 3 curly hair. Use natural emollients with a thicker consistency, such as shea butter to get the most out of your twist out or wash-and-go after you wash.
• Type 4B hair has a less defined pattern of curls and looks more like a “Z” as the hair bends with very sharp angles. The curl is tighter and far less defined, having the circumference of an ink-pen. The strands range from wiry and coarse to fine and thin. Pre-poo using coconut oil to retain your scalp’s natural chemistry.
• Type 4C: You have hair as densely packed as 4B, just with less definition as well as more shrinkage. The hair texture, which is tightly coiled like all Type 4s, ranges from super fine and soft to coarse and wiry. It’s incredibly delicate hair. Try using a humectant with a creamy consistency as a leave-in product.
Here’s a fun quiz for you to take if you want to know your texture type!
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