Vegans? Vegetarians? Are These The Same? Check Out These Diets And Many Others

Not to generalize it but charley, we all love food. Food is amazing so it’s hard to imagine there are people who deliberately choose to stay away from certain foods. We’ve heard of vegetarians but do you know what it really means to be one? and do you know that it doesn’t end there? There are more types of diets people are on and you’d be surprised.

1. Vegetarian

A vegetarian is someone who doesn’t eat meat, and mostly eats foods that come from plants, like grains, fruits, vegetables, and nuts. Some stricter vegetarians avoid more than just meat. They also avoid animal products, which are nonmeat foods that come from animals. Some examples would be milk (from cows) and eggs (from chickens).

  • lacto-ovo vegetarian: eats no meat, but will eat dairy products (milk, butter, cheese) and eggs
  • ovo-vegetarian: eats eggs, but no meat or dairy products
  • vegan (say: VEE-gun): eats no meat or animal products

Semi-vegetarian diets include:

  • pescetarian
  • pollotarian
  • pollo-pescatarian
  • flexitarian

2. Pescetarian

A diet that excludes land animals and birds, but includes fish, mollusks (snails, oysters, octopus etc), and crustaceans (crabs, shrimps, crayfish, lobsters etc)  in addition to fruits, vegetables, plants, legumes, nuts, and grains.  Eggs and dairy may or may not be present in the pescetarian’s diet.

3. Pollotarian

This is someone who will not eat the flesh of any red meat mammals but does include chicken, turkey, and other poultry. They may or may not also exclude fish, seafood or products like eggs and dairy from their diet. Reasons for exclusion vary from taste preference to ethical issues.

4. Pollo-pescatarian

This includes poultry and fish, or “white meat” only.

5. Flexitarian

Primarily vegetarian, but will eat meat if easier by social circumstance

6. Carnivores

A carnivore is an animal which eats mostly meat.

7. Paleotarians

We call the more “purist carnivores” Paleotarians for their focus on eating as our hunter-gatherer ancestors did; a diet of organic meats and healthy doses of fruits, vegetable, nuts, and seeds, with minimal grains, legumes, starches, and sugars.

8. Macrobiotic

Whole grains are a staple of this menu. Vegetables, fruit, soy, legumes, fish, and nuts may supplement and balance the grains, but they’ll usually make up half or more of a day’s food intake. Ingredients are cooked simply – and chewed thoroughly as the diet calls for minimal processing of ingredients – often steamed or fermented, and usually accompanied by large amounts of water. There is a strong emphasis on eating local, seasonal, organic foods, in harmony with nature.

9. Raw foodist

This diet may or may not be vegetarian or even vegan. It includes whole, sprouted grains. Nothing is cooked above a temperature of 104F-115F. The vegan version of this diet would likely include seeds, sprouts, nuts, fruit, vegetables, and grains, while a non-vegan could eat all of those, plus honey, eggs, non-pasteurized dairy and even seafood and meat. The rationale is that foods cooked above 104F-115F have lost most of their nutritional value, to the point of toxicity, and that freezing these foods also harms the level of enzyme activity. Food preparation often involves soaking and dehydration for foods to become digestible.

10. Fruitarian

Fruits, nuts, and seeds make up the main diet of this vegan sub-set. Some will supplement with beans, oil and honey. Others avoid seeds, as they represent future plants, and some only consume fallen fruit or fruit that can be picked without killing the plant.

You’ve been school. You’re welcome.

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